World Receivers: Georgiana Houghton, Hilma Af Klint, Emma Kunz


Abstract paintings were being produced even before Kandinsky. Completely independent of one another, Georgiana Houghton (1814-1884) in England, Hilma af Klint (1862-1944) in Sweden, and Emma Kunz (1892-1963) in Switzerland each developed her own abstract visual language. What they shared was a desire to visualise laws of nature, the spiritual and the supernatural.